Gum Disease Stages

Today i am going to give you an overview of what gum disease is and why it affects more than just your mouth.

What Does Gum Disease Look Like

  • Pink gum color
  • Gum line hugs teeth tightly
  • No bleeding
  • Gums bleed
  • Inflammation and redness of the gum tissue
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste
Early Periodontitis:
  • Gums may pull away from the teeth
  • Inflamed red gum tissue
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste
  • Bone loss around the teeth ( shown in x-rays)
  • Pockets of bacterial infection of 4-5MM between teeth and gums
Moderate Periodontitis:
  • Gum recession
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste
  • Pockets of bacterial infection from 4-6mm deep
  • Periodontal accesses
Advanced Periodontitis:
  • Mobile or loose teeth
  • Bleeding gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Bad Taste
  • Exposed roots and sensitive to hot and cold
  • Loss of supporting bone
  • Pockets of 6mm and deeper

Diagnosing Periodontal Disease:

By examining your x-rays and probe readings (pocket measurements) . Your Hygienist can tell you how much bone loss your periodontitis has caused and what stage you are at.

Pocket Depth Measurements:

By performing this quick pocket measurements by either your hygienist or your dentist using an instrument called probe to measure the size and depth of the pockets in the gums. Pockets that are 4 or more millimeters in depth may be an indication of infection or disease.


X-rays help determine the bone level in order to diagnose the stage on periodontal disease.

Note: Periodontal disease is a silent persistent bacterial infection involving the gum and the bone that supports the teeth.

Determining The Proper Treatment:

Once the stage of your disease is diagnosed and determined, your dentist and hygienist together will come up with the best treatment plan for you.

Treatments can include

  • scaling and root planning in order to remove the accumulation of you biofilm also known as calculus from the tooth surface and below the gum lines.
  • Oral irrigation to flush out the bacteria thats causing the infection
  • Laser Therapy
  • Application of antibiotic into the pockets

What Can You Do ?

  • 70% percent is based on home care success
  • Your hygienist and dentist will review customized home care that best works for you
  • Home Treatment such as prescription fluoride toothpaste ,  and Prescription mouthwash will be given if necessary

Gum disease has been linked to serious chronic conditions such as

  • Dementia
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Stroke
  • Oral, head and neck cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Respiratory infections
  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatic and liver cancer
  • pregnancy complications
  • Osteopenia
  • Arthritis

Therefore treating your oral inflammation and maintaining it under the care of your dental professionals can help manage other health conditions.

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