Over the past few years of practicing medicine I have witnessed so many of my patients battling with obesity. It is a global epidemic that is leading patients to diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease, elevated cholesterol and many more concerning health conditions.
What is Obesity?
Obesity is a disease that is treatable. Excess Body fat that is caused by either diet , environmental factors, genetics, and much more. Obesity can be diagnosed by your medical health care professional.
How to measure your level of obesity :
Calculating you BMI
What is BMI?
Body mass index. It is easy to measure, reliable and correlated with percentage of body fat and body fat mass. Of course we need to be careful with regards to patients that are overweight vs. muscular. Measuring weight circumference can help with this discrepancy.
How do you calculate your BMI? BMI= body weight (in kg)/ height (in meters) squared
You can use the link below to find out your BMI.
BMI of less than 18.5 kg/m2 is considered underweight.
BMI of between 18.5 kg/m2 and 24.9 kg/m2 is considered normal weight.
BMI of between 25 to 29.9kg/m2 is considered overweight.
BMI of greater than 30 is considered obesity.
BMI of 30kg/m2 to 34.9 kg/m2 is obesity class 1.
BMI of 35kg/m2-39.9kg/m2 is obesity class 2.
BMI of 40 kg/m2 and up is referred to as obesity class 3 and/or morbid, severe, extreme obesity.
What factors contribute to obesity?
Obviously there is dietary obesity for example frequency of eating, high fat diets, etc.
Other causes of obesity could be genetic, drug induced, endocrine disorders as well as psychological disturbances such as depression/anxiety leading to sedentary lifestyles. Aging and changes in metabolism can cause increase in weight as well.
Now that you have some background on obesity and how to calculate your BMI, stay tuned for some recommendations as well as healthy living tips!